Enviro Sloppy Science Loses Again!
Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill ruled "that the smelt are not in the Delta in the summer and thus would not be affected by sales of water that would be conveyed through the Delta."
Jul 17, 2014
Water agencies in the Central Valley have been trying to purchase water from Northern California to make up for their lack of water from the state and federal water projects. Despite the emergency nature of the water situation in the ag community environmental interests sued to stop the water transfers on the basis that it is harmful to the notorious Delta Smelt.
You will remember that Federal Judge Oliver Wanger called the smelt science in 2010 "arbitrary, capricious and unlawful." He went on to say "the public cannot afford sloppy science and uni-directional prescriptions that ignore California's water needs."
In the current case described in the article below Judge Lawrence J. O'Neill ruled "that the smelt are not in the Delta in the summer and thus would not be affected by sales of water that would be conveyed through the Delta." Duh! Apparently, "during the winter, the smelt migrate upstream seeking the “first flush” of cold snowpack water."
The enviros never like to let facts get in their way. Bill Jennings of the California Sportsfishing Protection Alliance responded: “We’re extremely disappointed in the decision and will now decide our next steps. Contrary to the decision, Delta Smelt are at severe risk.”
Remember, the smelt aren't even there, yet Jennings claims they are at severe risk.
Judge rules smelt can’t stop water sales
By Wayne Lusvardi
Northern California groundwater users sued to stop water sales to the parched Central Valley. They contended conveying water through the Delta would kill Delta Smelt fish.
But that didn’t convince a federal judge after two highly qualified biologists said the Delta Smelt aren’t even in the Delta in the summer months. On July 11, Judge Lawrence J. O’Neill deferred to the biology experts of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation that the smelt are not in the Delta in the summer and thus would not be affected by sales of water that would be conveyed through the Delta.
Moreover, the seasonally shifting mixing zone where fresh and brackish water meet in the Delta in which the smelt thrive would not be in the center of the Delta, as the plaintiffs’ experts contended. During the winter, the smelt migrate upstream seeking the “first flush” of cold snowpack water.
What brought the lawsuit is the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation’s planned transfer of 175,226 acre-feet of water from the Shasta Reservoir to the San Luis and Delta Mendota Water Authority in the epicenter of the current historic water shortage.
At issue are “groundwater substitution transfers,” whereby reservoir water is transferred from Northern California to the Central Valley and thus has to be substituted with groundwater resources by Northern Californians. A groundwater substitution transfer is not a water grab; it is a willing buyer-willing seller transaction. Thus far, the SLDMWA has completed 10 water transfers this year, comprising 60,000 acre-feet of water, from willing sellers in the Sacramento River Valley to make up for the zero water allocation from the BOR this year.
Two consulting biologists were retained by the BOR to review biologist Tom Cannon’s report asserting conveying warmer water through the Delta during drought would be lethal to the Delta Smelt. Biologist Frances W. Brewster said:
“[The] arguments make no sense to me. 1. They claim there will be higher mortality due to higher temperatures at 3-Mile Slough. … That claim is not supported by the data. [The] difference in temperature is insignificant. The claim there will be increased entrainment (trapping of fish in screens and pump intake structures) is so low based on historic data.”
Dr. Erwin Van Nieuwenhuyse of the USBR concurred:
“Similarly, I would not expect the proposed water transfers to have any effect on the LSZ (Low Salinity Zone) foodweb. Most of the smelt population now resides in the Sacramento Deepwater ship channel. … The ship channel is thermally stratified during July-Oct … [and] remains below 23 C (Celsius) during summer-fall.”
Bill Jennings of the California Sportsfishing Protection Alliance responded: “We’re extremely disappointed in the decision and will now decide our next steps. Contrary to the decision, Delta Smelt are at severe risk.” CSPA member Dan Bacher attached a bar chart showing that smelt have decline from 375 in 1998 to almost negligible levels in 2014.
However, in the 2010 Delta Smelt court case filed by the Coalition for a Sustainable Delta, Judge Oliver Wanger ruled similar science was “sloppy” because the smelt were scattered in schools of fish throughout the Delta.
The National Resources Defense Council appealed to find a different judge and in March 2014 got portions of Judge Wanger’s ruling reversed.
The 2010 Smelt court case caused the “court-ordered drought” that lasted from 2007 to 2010 due to court injunctions on deliveries of water to farms and cities until a court decision could be obtained.
Central Valley farmers will thus be getting about 175,000 acre-feet of water this summer from water markets. This won’t make up for the 2.2 million acre-feet of water lost to Central Valley farmers due to the compound drought and water shortage this year.
But if it wasn’t for water markets, they might not be getting any water at all this summer.
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